Blue Line Agreement

The Blue Line Agreement: A Comprehensive Guide

The Blue Line Agreement is an international treaty that regulates the border between Israel and Lebanon. It was signed on June 1, 2000, in conjunction with the UN Security Council Resolution 425 that called for the withdrawal of Israeli forces from Southern Lebanon. The agreement was a significant milestone in the ongoing peace negotiations between Israel and its Arab neighbors, particularly Lebanon.

What is the Blue Line?

The Blue Line is the border that separates Israel and Lebanon. It is named after the blue ink that was used to mark it on the maps when it was first drawn up by the United Nations in 2000. The Blue Line is not an officially recognized international boundary, but it has been accepted as the de facto border between the two countries. It is around 120 kilometers long and runs from the Mediterranean Sea in the west to the Golan Heights in the east.

Why was the Blue Line Agreement necessary?

The Blue Line Agreement was necessary because the border between Israel and Lebanon was previously undefined and, as a result, frequently disputed. The UN had established a temporary ceasefire line after the 1978 Israeli invasion of Lebanon but this line was repeatedly violated in the years that followed. In 2000, Israel withdrew its forces from Southern Lebanon, and the Lebanese government requested that the UN demarcate a permanent border to prevent further conflict.

What did the Blue Line Agreement entail?

The Blue Line Agreement set out to establish a permanent border between Israel and Lebanon. According to the agreement, the Blue Line would be “determined by the United Nations and its cartographic expertise.” The UN survey team used GPS and other technologies to mark the border on the ground. The agreement also stated that the Blue Line would be respected by both parties and that any changes to it would require mutual agreement.

Why is the Blue Line Agreement important?

The Blue Line Agreement is important because it represents a significant step towards establishing lasting peace and security in the region. By establishing a permanent border, the agreement has helped to reduce tensions between Israel and Lebanon and has helped to prevent future conflicts. It has also been important in shaping the UN`s peacekeeping efforts in the region, particularly the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL).


The Blue Line Agreement represents a significant moment in the history of the Middle East. By establishing a permanent border between Israel and Lebanon, it has helped to prevent further conflicts and has contributed to the ongoing peace negotiations between Israel and its neighbors. As the region continues to face new challenges and uncertainties, the Blue Line Agreement will remain an important symbol of hope and progress.

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